Editor/Author：Centers for Disease Control, Ministry of Health and Welfare, R.O.C.(Taiwan)
Publisher：Centers for Disease Control, Ministry of Health and Welfare, R.O.C.(Taiwan)
Date of Publication：Aug. 2020
Content：The infection caused by human prion protein is most common diagnosed as Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) and new variant CJD (vCJD). CJD is classified into sporadic, hereditary, and iatrogenic types. The iatrogenic type, which accounts for less than 1% of CJD cases, is the focus of infection prevention and control in medical care. This manual contains two main themes, that is "diagnosis and management" and "infection control". The guide for clinical diagnosis and management includes diseases and pathogens, diagnosis and clinical presentations, risk assessment and management, etc. The infection control recommendations comprise patient management and tracking, risk assessment and filing, evaluation and reprocessing of medical devices and material, pathogen deactivation, and the care of patients in medical institutions, long-term care facilities and homes, included for which are protective measures, environmental cleanliness, waste disposal and handling of the deceased. This manual is expected to provide the basic principle and practical guides for the management and care of CJD patients in the medical care institutions and by care workers, and to achieve the goal of patient safety.