In recent years, with dramatic increases in international exchange and travel and the number of foreign laborers, various communicable diseases have been imported. Facing the threat of emerging diseases and the recurrence of indigenous communicable diseases, the existing policies on disease prevention, quarantine, and surveillance, and the capabilities of laboratory testing and research are considered inadequate to meet the needs of disease control. In coordination with the rapid development in high technology and the trend of internationalization, disease control must be more comprehensive, prompt, effective and international. The goal of the Centers for Disease Control, therefore, is to combat the threat of communicable diseases.
Disease prevention should be regarded as a battle. Unity, professionalism and action are the keys to success.
Flexibility in Disease Control
Disease control measures will stay flexible to cope with disease outbreaks at any time ; to develop capability in crisis management ; to actively collect domestic and international disease information ; to stay alert at all time; and to promptly handle disease outbreaks.
A complete information network including a reporting system for notification of disease outbreaks, a reporting system for syndromes, a geographic information system for communicable diseases, an on-line disease surveillance system, and an information system on immunization will be set up for better coordination. Disease control organization will have immediate on-line access to necessary information for more effective and prompt disease control.
Efforts will be made to recruit experts, encourage research, and apply scientific methods to disease control. Control measures will stay transparent and objective. Disease control manpower will be developed and professionals recruited to upgrade the professionalism of our disease control team.
Involvement of All People
Communicable diseases are preventable through various approaches. The effective control of outbreaks and transmission of communicable diseases, however, depends greatly on the public's understanding of communicable diseases and their prevention measures. Disease control requires the full participation and cooperation of all people.
The Center will continue to actively promote participation in international disease control activities, and to establish close communication and cooperation with all countries in the world. Disease prevention will be used as a channel to facilitate the entry of Taiwan into the World Health Organization as a member
1. Planning of disease control system and drafting of relevant laws and regulations.
2. Prevention, control, survey and research of various communicable diseases.
3. Management of disease outbreaks.
4. Reporting of domestic disease information and surveillance of disease.
5. Collection, exchange and reporting of international disease information.
6. Procurement and management of drugs for disease control.
7. Planning and promotion of immunization ; compensation for victims of vaccine-related hazards.
8. Manufacturing, supply, research, development and technology transfer of vaccines and biological products.
9. Laboratory testing for various diseases.
10. Formulation of laboratory testing standards of various diseases ; verification of laboratory testing.
11. Quarantine and sanitary control of international ports.
12. Planning, promotion and supervision of the sanitation of business establishments.
13. Health management of foreign laborers.
14. Directing and supervising local health organizations for disease control.
15. International cooperation and exchanges on disease control.
16. Manpower development for disease control.
17. Other matters related to research and development, quarantine of disease control and preventive medicine, and instructions on disease control of the Department of Health.
1. Plague was eradicated in 1948.
2. Immunization began in 1948 to reduce incidence of various communicable diseases (diphtheria toxoid in 1948, DPT in 1955, BCG in 1965, oral polio vaccine in 1966, Japanese encephalitis in 1968, measles in 1968, measles in 1978, hepatitis B in 1948, rubella in 1986, and MMR in 1992).
3. Smallpox was eradicated in 1955.
4. Rabies was eradicated in 1959.
5. Malaria was eradicated in 1965.
6. Immunization against hepatitis B began in 1984. The carrier rate among children had been reduced by 84% by 1988.
7. Immunization against hepatitis A began in 1995. Ever since, no outbreaks have occurred in the mountain areas.
8. Immunization against influenza for the elderly began in 1998. Hospital care rate for the elderly has been reduced by 54%.
9. Polio was eradicated in 2000.
1. Private sector resources will be consolidated and full public participation in disease control encouraged.
2. Professionals in disease control will be developed to upgrade the professional proficiency of disease control. Scientific methods will be applied to disease control.
3. A sound and complete network will be established for disease surveillance to facilitate the control of disease.
4. Efforts will be made to actively collect domestic and international information for the prompt and effective management of disease. Flexibility will be maintained in disease control.
5. Disease recognizes no boundary, and health is a basic human right. Efforts will be made to strengthen cooperation with other countries, to participate in international disease control activities, and to join international health organizations such as the World Health Organization for collaboration in disease control.
6. More immunizations will be made available, and immunization coverage will be improved to promote national health and prevent infection by communicable diseases.
7. New technology in disease control will be brought in for disease surveillance for the prevention of emerging communicable diseases. Reporting rates of both notifiable and reportable disease will be increased to over 80%.