Varicella is a high infectious diseases caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV), initial (1 to 2 days before rash) contains mild fever (37.5-39° C), fatigue, loss of appetite, headache and muscle or joint pain, after the skin began to rash, and gradually developed into red pimples, rash, pus rash and then scab, by the face, scalp to the trunk limbs, body rash gradually appear quickly blister, and finally left the granular crust (usually about two to four weeks to heal).
Complications from varicella can occur, but they are not common in healthy people who get the disease. People who may get a serious case of varicella and may be at high risk for complications include infants, adults, pregnant women, people with weakened immune systems because of illness or medications.
Serious complications from varicella include bacterial infections of the skin and soft tissues, pneumonia, infection or inflammation of the brain (encephalitis, cerebellar ataxia), blood stream infections (sepsis), dehydration.
Some people with serious complications from varicella can become so sick that they need to be hospitalized. Varicella can also cause death.
Complicated Varicella Surveillance in Taiwan
Taiwan National Infectious Disease Statistics System
Prevention and Control
- The best way to prevent varicella is to get the varicella vaccine.
- Maintain good personal and environmental hygiene.
- Keep the indoor air circulation, to avoid long-term in a confined space.
- Keep your hands clean and wash your hands in the right way.
- Patients should follow respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette.
- Varicella patients should adhere to the principle of not going to work and not going to class.
- What is varicella?
- Varicella is a very contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It causes a blister-like rash, itching, tiredness, and fever. The rash can spread over the entire body.
- Varicella can be serious, especially in babies, adults, and people with weakened immune systems. The best way to prevent varicella is to get the Varicella vaccine
- What are the typical symptoms of varicella?
- The typical symptoms are：
- (2)blister-like rash with severe itching all over the body
- (3)loss of appetite
- If you have been vaccinated for varicella, some people can still get the disease, but it is usually mild with fewer blisters and low or no fever.
- When is a person contagious?
- A person with varicella can spread the disease from 1 to 2 days before they get the rash until all their varicella blisters have formed scabs (usually 5-7 days).
- It takes about 2 weeks (from 10 to 21 days) after exposure to a person with varicella or shingles for someone to develop varicella.
USA CDC－Chickenpox (Varicella)