Investigation on A Measles Outbreak Linked to An Imported Case, Northern Taiwan, 2019DOI: 10.6525/TEB.202004_36(8).0001
Xiang-Ting Huang1*, Pei-Hsuan Chang1, Chiang-Hsiao Hsuan2, Ming-Chu Tai2, Yu-Fang Tsai1, Meng-Yu Chen1, Hsin-Yi Wei1, Hsiao-Ping Tung1, Wen-Yueh Cheng3, Hsiao-Chi Wang3, Hui-Rong Liu1, Jui-Wei Hsieh1
2020 Vol.36 NO.8
Correspondence Author： Xiang-Ting Huang1*
On April 3, 2019, a 29-year-old male was notified as a suspect case of measles (index case). Later he was confirmed as an imported measles case according to the laboratory results and travel history to Hong Kong. From April to May, additional 17 confirmed measles cases occurred in northern region of Taiwan, which all had direct or indirect epidemiological links to the index case, including common exposure in a restaurant (n=7), a hospital (n=4), a workplace (n=5), and in the household (n=1). Virus isolation from all 18 cases revealed identical genotype B3. All the cases were adult, with the mean age of 28 years (range: 19–38 years). Nine (50%) had received >1 dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine. Fever (83.3%) and rash (94.4%) were the most common symptoms, and seven (39%) did not present cough, coryza, or conjunctivitis. This outbreak highlighted that young adults who were unvaccinated or with partial or waned immunity are susceptible to measles. Modified symptoms characterized with a milder rash or less intense symptoms may lead to challenges in early recognition.