New Vector Control Measures on Dengue Fever: a Literature Review

Yu-Chi Lin, Jhy-Wen Wu, Ding-Ping Liu

2012 Vol.28 NO.15

Correspondence Author: Yu-Chi Lin


Dengue fever is a vector-borne infectious disease prevalent in tropical and sub-tropical areas. It is transmitted by Aedes mosquito, principally A. aegypti and A. albopictus. The primary control measure is eliminating the mosquito breeding sites, which suppresses the mosquito density to reduce the risk of dengue fever occurrence. However, because breeding sites can hardly be eliminated and production of new breeding sites is fast, novel technologies and vaccine development should also be incorporated in the program on disease control. According the recent studies have shown that the genetically modified mosquito and rickettsia symbiosis-Wolbachia, has potential for control of A. aegypti density and good results in small-scale field studies. The long term effects and impacts on ecology remained uncertain because of the limited study population and relatively short follow-up duration. Hence, continuously educating the public to eliminate the mosquito breeding sites is necessary before dengue vaccines and novel technologies are available.