An analysis of the Implementation of the Source Reduction Program in Response to 2010 Dengue Epidemic
Tuan Yen-Chang1、Wang Yu-Zhu3、Huang Chi-Chuan3、Wang Chin-Hsien2、Chang Chao-Ching3、Lin Li-Jen3、Lee Tsuey-Feng1、Shih Wen-Yi4
2011 Vol.27 NO.10
Correspondence Author： Tuan Yen-Chang
For the first time, a source reduction program was devised by the central government that delegated the responsibility of implementation to local governments in areas of Tainan County/City and Kaohsiung County/City. This program was launched through multi-media dissemination of 13 mnemonic phrases created for source reduction, followed by three major activities, namely motivating citizens to conduct indoor source reduction, requiring environmental cleaning workers to enforce outdoor source reduction, and encouraging schools to participate in community source reduction. As a result, 31 villages in Kaohsiung City and 20 villages in Tainan City took part in the indoor source reduction activity and have removed a cumulative total number of 62,973 pieces (amounting to 39.7% of the target volume) and 175,156 pieces (196.2% of the target volume) of containers, respectively. Also, in the outdoor source reduction strategy was implemented in 11 administrative districts in Kaohsiung City, 6 administrative districts in Tainan City, and Fengshan City of Kaohsiung County with notable results. A further analysis of the containers collected in Kaohsiung City and Fengshan City during outdoor source reduction shows that category I containers account for the highest share of 85.6%, followed by category VI containers amounting to 7.9% of the total volume collected. In particular, a total of 25,483 students from 106 schools in the four counties/cities dedicated themselves to community-based source reduction activity and have removed a total of 221,254 pieces of containers. A further analysis of containers removed by students in Kaohsiung County/City and Tainan County in dicates that category I container account for the highest share of 85.8%, followed by category VI containers amounting to 6.2% of the total volume collected. In consideration of the tremendous overall accomplishments, the source reduction program and its implementation method can be a model in developing plans for future dengue fever control.