2000 Vol.16 NO.10
Before the implementation of the four-phase malaria control program in 1947, some 1.2 million people in Taiwan were infected with malaria. In 1965 after 18 years of program implementation, the World Health Organization officially declared that Taiwan was free of malaria. This was a remarkable achievement in the public health history of Taiwan（1）. In the last 35 years, the maintenance phase of the malaria control program has continued. With the exception of a few sporadic infections in coastal areas in 1972, the cases reported each year are imported cases. This report presents the difficulties that have been encountered in the maintenance phase of the eradication program, and also ways in which the eradication status can be maintained.