HIV in Taiwan 2014 Statistics Overview

DOI: 10.6525/TEB.20151208.31(23).001

Cheng-Yi Lee, Wan-Jen Wu, Shiang-Lin Yang, Ding-Ping Liu

2015 Vol.31 NO.23

Correspondence Author: Ding-Ping Liu

  • Epidemic Intelligence Center, Centers for Disease Control, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taiwan


Taiwan CDC received 2,236reports of new HIV infections in year 2014. With 8 cases less than year 2013, this number of new reports showed the first decline trend since 2009. Among the cumulative 28,710 cases, 26,892 (93.7%) were male, 1,818 (6.3%) were female, with sex ratio of 14.8:1. Among the 2,236 new cases in year 2014, 2,176 (97.3%) were male and 60 (2.7%) were female, with sex ratio of 36.3:1; the sex ratio was reduced compared to year 2013. Among the cumulative cases, 92.9% were aged 15–49 years old; while among the new cases in year 2014, 979 (43.8%) were aged 25–34 years old, followed by 15–24 years old (658 cases [29.4%]). Southern and Taipei regions showed increasing trend (8.3% and 2.9%, respectively) compared to year 2013, but the other regions showed declining trend. Among the cumulative cases, the main risk category for HIV infections was sexual contacts(74.9%), followed by drug injection users (23.8%). Among those within the sexual contacts risk category, 75.3% were men who have sex with men (MSM). This article summarized the national HIV trends, analyzed data by adopting the UNAIDS goals and WHO’s Second Generation Surveillance concepts, determined the risk factors, and compared to international countries, to better promote national strategy and control of HIV in Taiwan.

Keywords:HIV infection;Risk factors;HIV surveillance and epidemiology;Second Generation Surveillance